Male infertility – the most frequent causes


The problem of infertility have been affecting more and more couples over last decades. Although it is often caused by female infertility factors or both partners inability to procreate, the male factor of infertility has increasingly influence declining birth rates. Almost half the cases of couples who have unsuccessfully attempted to have a baby is caused by male infertility. Studies have shown that in general the male populations’ reproductive cells’ quality and theirs capacity to fertilize eggs have been deteriorating, which is directly linked to environmental pollution, lifestyle, diet or drug use. That is why men should be examined together with their partners. The most important questions are how exactly the male infertility is induced and whether or not it can be restored.

Diagnosis of male infertility

By infertility in general we understand the situation in which a couple actively trying to procreate over a year fails to do so. There are various reasons for that situation and the diagnosis of the causes of couples incapacity to conceive needs to be carried out. Both of partners undergo the thorough examination to establish what are the reasons for their shared infertility and to be able to eliminate the infertility factors or symptoms. And they can be numerous. The most common male problems are: the lack of spermatozoa in the ejaculate or their reduced number, the inability to produce or ejaculate semen, low sperm motility (low or no sperm able to move forward), the morphologically normal sperm count below the norms, the presence of erythrocytes or elevated leucocytes in the ejaculate or genetic impairment or sperm cells.

The first step in evaluating a male partner’s fertility is a sperm retrieving and testing. When preparing for the examination a man should keep sexual abstinence from 3 to 5 days. The semen analysis is a basic and primary action in male fertility diagnostics. It allows us to assess the number of sperm, their quality and activity according to the World Health Organization standards. This and other tests allow to establish the level of the problem and possible solutions and treatment methods.

Causes of male infertility

There are many factors influencing human reproductive capacities. Some of them are so small and could be perceived as highly insignificant but can have a decisive role in total fertility. The causes of temporary fertility disorders are numerous, including those simply removable, such as for example wearing inappropriate clothing which leads to overheating of the testicles. Some of the infertile causes can seem banal or irrelevant to an eye of someone who is not an expert but not to a specialist. The solution to those problems is only possible when the prospective father decides to undergo the examination. The doctor will use not only modern diagnostic methods, but will also know what to ask about in terms of lifestyle, general well-being, childhood health problems etc. which all can matter.

In general the most common male infertility factors include: systemic diseases, testicular disorders, environmental factors or disorders in the development of sperm. In other words the fertility problems of the male partners are either lifestyle-related, connected solely to reproductive system or could be the first clear symptom of seemingly distant diseases, such as diabetes, kidney disease, respiratory system or liver. In the case of those illnesses or lifestyle-related health dysfunctions they directly or indirectly induce the male infertility. Therefore their treatment and resolving can bring back male capacity for procreation. In up to 80 percent of the cases of male infertility, it is effective enough for the fertility to be restored to take medicines and change the lifestyle. However with this complexity of possible causes of infertility, the doctors often need a teamwork: often support is needed endocrinologist, psychologist, diabetologist, sexologist and even gastrologist.

Possible solutions

The lifestyle-related issues are relatively easy to overcome. Either it is wrong diet (high calories and poor nutrition), obesity, drugs or other substances abuse, lack of exercise and physical activity, stress, sleep deprivation or environmental incentives, the combined effort can pay off and bring back fertility. Eating healthy, appropriate, balanced physical activity, eliminating harmful products and sleeping sufficiently is what makes you generally healthy but also makes your reproductive system healthier and more effective. Therefore even slight improvements in a lifestyle can make infertile couples happy parents.

When it comes to systemic diseases and illnesses not related to reproductive system the therapy can restore fertility or at least increase the possibility of treating it. Likewise the factors inside reproductive systems and diseases related to it often require the medical treatment or surgical procedure. Factors such as testicle injuries, varicocele or hydrocele of testicles, prostatitis or testicular cancer, idiopathic testicular hypofunction or complications after viral diseases often need the separate therapy but it does not always lead to full recovery of reproductive system and full fertility restoration. In those cases the In Vitro Fertilization procedure come to aid by allowing to bypass testicular and sperm-related problems by collecting semen and fertilizing an egg in controlled laboratory conditions. For more information about male infertility and possible treatment options visit developed by the top clinic in the field.